Inventory Turnover Ratio

Inventory turnover is an especially important piece of data for maximizing efficiency in the sale of perishable and other time-sensitive goods. Some examples could be milk, eggs, produce, fast fashion, automobiles, and periodicals. Calculating the average inventory, which is done by dividing the sum of beginning inventory and ending inventory by two. David Kindness is a Certified Public Accountant and an expert in the fields of financial accounting, corporate and individual tax planning and preparation, and investing and retirement planning.

Inventory Turnover Ratio

In the formula, the COGS is divided by the average inventory to determine how many times the inventory was turned over. The data is derived from the financial statements of the company. COGS are found on the income statement, and the average inventory will be found on the balance sheet. Inventory turnover ratio is the measure of how many times inventory is sold or used in a given time period—usually a year. Knowing your inventory turnover is helpful to project how long it takes to sell inventory and when you’re going to need more inventory. You can calculate this by dividing the days in the timeframe by the inventory turnover formula—the result is the number of days it takes to sell the inventory. Inventory turnover is the rate at which a company replaces inventory in a given period due to sales.

Inventory Turnover Ratio: The Final Word

Fashion retailers average between 4 to 6 turns, for example, while car dealerships average a lower 2 to 3—but car components can have turnovers as high as 40. Once you have your ratio, research your industry’s average number of turns to compare yourself to the competition.

Inventory Turnover Ratio

In general, moving inventory as quickly as possible is the most efficient path for low-margin companies. In both cases, there is a high risk of inventory aging, in which case it becomes obsolete and has little residual value.

Days Sales Of Inventory Or Days Inventory

Inventory has zero returns and high storage costs, so overstocking really doesn’t help your business. Holding on to inventory for a long time is bad for business. If you’re not selling your stock, you’re not bringing in revenue to cover your operating costs, turn a profit and—crucially—buy new stock.

  • Ecommerce retailers should strive for a high inventory turnover rate, which means they sell the inventory they have on hand quickly and repurchase fresh inventory often.
  • Stocking a large number of items that don’t sell quickly could also mean that you end up with a warehouse full of obsolete products and don’t have enough storage for the latest products.
  • Ultimately, the turnover ratio tells investors whether or not a company is effective in converting inventory into sales.
  • It is calculated as the sum total of storage cost, finance cost, insurance, and taxes as well as obsolescence and shrinkage cost.
  • An example of the inventory turnover ratio calculation in action can make it easier to understand.
  • The inventory turnover ratio measures how many times a company’s inventory is sold and replaced over a period of time.

Increasing prices may lose some customers but improve overall profitability. The good news is that there are many ways to increase your sales. You could develop your company’s marketing efforts, for example.

Accounting Topics

Also known as inventory turns, stock turn, and stock turnover, the inventory turnover formula is calculated by dividing the cost of goods sold by average inventory. Inventory turnover ratio is an efficiency ratio that measures how well a company can manage its inventory. It is important to achieve a high ratio, as higher turnover rates reduce storage and other holding costs. It is vital to compare the ratios between companies operating in the same industry and not for companies operating in different industries. The benchmark ratio varies greatly depending on the industry. This article will help you learn how to improve inventory turnover rate, understand what is a good inventory turnover ratio, and apply it to your manufacturing business.

  • During that period, your cost of goods sold equaled $60,000.
  • But there’s nuance and exceptions to those general principles.
  • Sales figures include a markup, which may inflate your ratio and give you a higher number.
  • Peggy James is a CPA with over 9 years of experience in accounting and finance, including corporate, nonprofit, and personal finance environments.
  • Creditors are particularly interested in this becauseinventoryis often put up as collateral for loans.
  • Meanwhile, days of inventory looks at the average time a company can turn its inventory into sales.

Inventory turnover ratio is also useful for tracking sales performance. By following these steps, you will notice an improvement in your inventory turnover ratio, and you will have a leaner inventory system that will save your company money. Again, your inventory ratio shows you the number of times you sell or use and restock inventory during a period. So generally, a higher ratio (e.g., 5) is better than a lower ratio (e.g., 1). It indicates that you are selling or using inventory more quickly than a lower ratio. Think you’re doing too much purchasing and not enough selling? There’s only one way to be sure, and that’s by finding your inventory turnover ratio.


To figure your average inventory, or AI, add your starting inventory during a given period of time with your ending inventory during that same period of time, then divide that by two. Inventory accounts for one of the most important variables for a retailer. Inventory represents more than 50% of a retailer’s assets, which is why inventory productivity is a competitive edge in the industry. Inventory management processes are continuously being improved to reduce and optimize stock levels. The inventory turnover ratio is used to assess if the stock is excessive compared to the sales. So, to lower your stocks and improve your cash flow, you need good inventory management.

If you don’t know the average inventory turns for the industry in question, then the formula won’t help you very much. A high inventory turnover ratio indicates that a company is selling its inventory quickly and is efficient in managing its inventory.

You could have millions of dollars in sales revenues, but you’re in trouble if your expenses exceed this. How to manage your inventoryfor your business to keep growing. Inventory shrinkage shows you how much inventory you lose as a result of theft, damage, recordkeeping errors, or vendor fraud.

Such unsold stock is known as obsolete inventory or dead stock. A slow turnover implies weak sales and possibly excess inventory, while a faster ratio implies either strong sales or insufficient inventory.

Introducing Katana ERP manufacturing software as a specifically tailored solution for the manufacturer searching for an answer on how to improve inventory turnover. For the most part, the higher your inventory turnover ratio is the better off you are.

Improve Forecasting

In the two formulas above, average inventory is calculated based on the final sales prices of products or their production costs. The inventory turnover ratio is the number of times all of a company’s goods are sold over a certain period of time. It is calculated by dividing the total cost of goods sold by the average cost of goods in stock in the desired timeframe.

Inventory Turnover Ratio

The inventory turnover ratio is incredibly useful to help retailers stay nimble and in tune with what’s profitable. Some companies will choose to measure their inventory turnover over a period of a month or business trading quarter. If you can get there, you’ll increase demand and revenue together.

Benefits Of An Inventory System

Inventory turnover is a measure of how often a company sells and replaces its inventory over a period of time. It is calculated by dividing the cost Inventory Turnover Ratio of goods sold by the average inventory. The higher the inventory turnover, the more quickly the company is selling and replacing its inventory.

  • We check our reports and see that the shoes sold in a year had a cost of $5000.
  • In the short term, this data can serve immediate decisions like pricing and marketing.
  • The faster the inventory sells, the smaller the amount of funds the company has tied up in inventory, and the higher sales level and corresponding profits it achieves.
  • Let’s say you’re a business that sells perishable goods, like a grocery store.
  • This will help you to match your ordering or manufacturing with the seasonal preferences of your customers.

On the other hand, you may sell out of inventory too quickly and have to turn away customers until you can restock. Nobody wants that, either (especially if they turn to your competitors in the meantime!). By assessing inventory turnover, you gain much clearer visibility into your logistical costs and ways to improve it. Let’s say a company has a COGS of $100 million and an average inventory of $125 million. A high turnover ratio suggests that the company has high sales and has products that are in demand and being purchased regularly. Finding the inventory turnover days doesn’t provide any new information, but framing it in terms of days is helpful for some. If you compare figures, keep in mind that some analysts use total annual sales instead of the cost of goods sold.

It also implies that it would take Donny approximately 3 years to sell his entire inventory or complete one turn. In other words, Danny does not have very good inventory control. Types Of InventoryDirect material inventory, work in progress inventory, and finished goods inventory are the three types of inventories. The raw material is direct material inventory, work in progress inventory is partially completed inventory, and finished goods inventory is stock that has completed all stages of production. Naturally, an item whose inventory is sold once a year has a higher holding cost than one that turns over more often.

You can track change over time to see whether a company’s turnover is going up or down significantly. However, you would need more information about the company itself and its circumstances to determine what this meant about its sales or financial health.

Inventory Turnover Meaning And Formulas

With a well-balanced supply-and-demand chain, your business should be able to stay in the clear. Not only that, they must be aware of their historical and ideal inventory turnover ratios. By benchmarking your turnover, completing a regular inventory audit, and comparing recent numbers to it, you determine how good your business is at turning raw materials into finished goods. Depending on the industry that the company operates in, inventory can help determine its liquidity. For example, inventory is one of the biggest assets that retailers report.

Alternatively, for a given amount of sales, using less inventory improves inventory turnover. Inventory turnover ratios, therefore, need to be assessed relative to a company’s industry and competitors in order to tell whether they are good or bad.